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Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that can significantly impact a person’s social skills, communication skills, and behavior.  Signs of ASD begin in early childhood and typically last throughout a person’s life.

Overlap Between Evidence-Based Practices Identified by the National Professional Development Center (NPDC) on ASD and the National Standards Project (NSP)

Signs and Symptoms:

A person with ASD might:

  • Not respond to their name
  • Avoid eye contact and want to be alone
  • Have trouble relating to others or not have interest in other people
  • Have trouble understanding other people’s feelings or talking about their own feelings
  • Repeat or echo words or phrases said to them, at times over and over (echolalia)
  • Repeat actions over and over again, flap their hands, rock their body, or spin in circles
  • Not play “pretend” games, for example not pretend to feed a doll
  • Have unusual reactions to the way things sound, smell, taste, look, or feel
  • Not point at objects to show interest ( for example to an airplane flying overhead)
  • Appear to be unaware when people talk to them, but respond to other sounds
  • Be very interested in people, but not know how to talk, play, or relate to them
  • Reverse pronouns (for example, says “you” instead of “I”)
  • Play with toys the same way every time
  • Have trouble adapting when a routine changes or be easily upset by minor changes
  • Lose skills they once had, for example stop saying words they were using
  • Not look at objects when another points at them
  • Have trouble relating to others or not have interest in other people
  • Have delayed speech and language skills
  • Give unrelated answers to questions
  • Line up toys or other objects
  • Have obsessive interests

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)  http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism